There is a tremendous potential in the super specialty areas for development of high-tech products and processes. S L Govindwar Director Department of Biotechnology Ministry of Science & Technology (Govt. of India) New Delhi The last decade belonged to information technology and biotechnology and will continue to be attractive in the coming years. This century, however, will be an era of super specializations and the century of advanced technologies and environment-friendly products and processes. Biotechnology has the potential to develop new value-added products, processes, techniques/tools in the area of agriculture, human and animal health and environment protection. Biotechnology is a relatively new subject which has a vast potential for unlocking new technological combinations. It can give the solutions to the problems related to the agricultural production, human and animal health and the development of eco-friendly products as well as industrial pollution control. Biotechnology is a knowledge-intensive field and has the potential to bring about specific man made changes in DNA or genetic material in plants, animals and microorganisms leading to useful products and technologies. It has the potential to develop genetically modified plants, animals and microorganisms. The field of Biotechnology in the last decade has already made a significant impact in agricultural, industrial, pharmaceutical and medical sectors. For achieving these goals, trained human resource is required. This was visualized in 1982 by the then National Biotechnology Board (NBTB) and initiated an "Integrated Programme of Human Resource Development". The Department of Biotechnology was the first government body in the country to start Human Resource Development in Biotechnology program in a big way. It is known that unless the trained human resource in Biotechnology is available, no research and developmental programs/activities can be initiated for the development of new products/processes/techniques and tools.

 Accordingly, the Department of Biotechnology had initiated a number of schemes for HRD. These are:

• Post-Graduate Teaching program (MSc, MTech, MV.Sc and PG diplomas)

• DBT-JRF program

• Post Doctoral Fellowship program

• Short-term training program.

• Biotechnology Industrial Training program

• Biotechnology Overseas Associate ship program

• Technician training program

• Visiting scientist from abroad program

• Scholarships and awards

(a) National Bioscience Award for Career Development

(b) National Woman Bioscientist Award

(c) Biotechnology Product, Process Development and Commercialization Award

(d) Distinguished Biotechnologist Award Biology Scholarships

• Seminars/symposia/conferences program

• Biotechnology popularization program

• Popular lecture series

• Biotechnology publications in English, Hindi and other languages.

• Biotechnology exhibitions

• National Science Day celebration in Universities/R&D institutions.

The HRD program of the Department of Biotechnology encompasses an intensive teaching and training of young students, training of scientists and technicians at various levels, research associateships to mid-career scientists, visiting scientist from advanced countries for exposing to newly developed techniques used in Biotechnology. Like Information Technology, Biotechnology is nowadays being considered as a potential subject area for the career development and hence some of the private colleges have also started post-graduate teaching courses in Biotechnology. Here I would like to mention that unless the proper teaching facilities and expert faculty are available, one should not go for the post-graduate teaching courses in Biotechnology.


While planning 'HRD in Biotechnology' the newer areas like functional genomics/proteomics, cleaner technologies, gene therapy, bio-safety, industrial biotechnology, molecular and human genetics, rational drug designing, upstream and downstream processing for recombinant products, IPR and patenting in Biotechnology etc. may be considered on top priority. DBT has already covered general biotechnology, agricultural biotechnology, medical biotechnology, marine biotechnology, bioinformatics, Industrial biotechnology, Pharmaceutical biotechnology and biochemical engineering and Biotechnology subject areas for the human resource development at the PG level. Some of the gap areas like environmental biotechnology, industrial biotechnology, proteomics/genomics, molecular genetics etc. needs attention in the coming years to cater the need of industry sector.


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The applications of this branch of science are vast and simply mind-boggling. On one hand, it caters to the industrial sector such as food and beverages industry, textiles industry, biological products, medicines and pharmaceuticals while on the other hand this branch of science caters to the requirements of agriculture, animal husbandry, nutrition and environmental conservation. The list is a long and an envious one.

What’s more, the branch of science we are talking about is in itself not confined or bound as a single discipline. Rather it is an interdisciplinary branch of science that is rapidly gaining significance and opportunities for youngsters who want to explore the new frontiers of science are immense. The name of the discipline is Biotechnology. 

Although, the name may suggest that this branch of science is steeped in biology but this is not the case. Apart from biology, this branch of science also assimilates diverse subjects like physics, chemistry and mathematics. Furthermore, engineering applications are also an integral constituent of biotechnology.

The concepts derived from this dissimilar mix of sciences are applied to biological matter, generally living cells, for developing new and improved biological and industrial products. Most of the work done by professionals engaged in biotechnology is concerned with research and development work in various laboratories.

Students are showing tremendous interest in biotechnology. The primary reason behind this interest emerges from the fact that the technical and procedural application of biotechnology touches a vast array of disciplines. This in turn opens a lot many job portals for students who are seeking a stable career in their life. Biotechnology, along with its many sub-fields, finds use in so many applications that many new fields have and are being derived from within it.



In opting for a specialised profession such as biotechnology, you must plan your career right from your school days. In this context, the combination of subjects of study at the 10+2 level must primarily include Biology, Chemistry, Physics and even Mathematics. Once you have finished schooling you can opt for a suitable undergraduate program (BSc, BE, BTech) in Biotechnology from various academic institutions spread across the country. The duration of a BSc program in biotechnology is three years whereas it is four years for BE and BTech courses.

The eligibility criterion for getting into an undergraduate program varies from one institution to another. In some colleges the eligibility criteria includes a 10+2 with 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics. In some other institutions, the 10+2 pass percentage required is 55%. Whereas some colleges consider physics, chemistry and biology combination of subjects as a basic entry level qualification and others take into account the physics, chemistry and mathematics combination. Once this eligibility criterion is met, you can get admission in to BSc programs. 

Once you have earned a graduate degree in this field you can go for the master’s level (MSc, ME, MTech). For a Masters in Biotechnology, you should either have a graduate degree in biotechnology or in any subject that is related to biological sciences. A graduate degree in subjects such as biochemistry, biology, botany, chemistry, microbiology, pharmacy, veterinary sciences or zoology is acceptable for an entry into a post-graduate program in biotechnology.

As it is a blend of numerous disciplines, you have to do a specialisation in a number of fields. Some of the common areas of research include fields like: Agriculture and Agricultural Development, Animal Husbandry, Biochemistry, Biophysics, Botany, Dairy Technology, Environmental Protection, Fishery Development, Genetics, Horticulture, Medicine, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Nutrition, Pharmacology, Tissue Culture and Zoology.
After post-graduation, you can apply for a doctoral program and from then on if need be, immerse yourself in post-doctoral research.  Here, it is important to point out that a majority of students prefer to do their PhD and post-doctoral research from foreign universities.

Start Early

To follow biotechnology as a preferred profession, you must have a sound grounding in science from the early school days. You must have keen interest in various branches of science not just for study sake or for obtaining good grades. Rather, you must have a keen perception to understand scientific applications and even keep pace with the latest news from the scientific world.

Once you are through with 10+2, you must either opt for an undergraduate course in biotechnology or any subject that is directly or indirectly related to biological sciences. Remember a masters degree is a must to make a successful career in the domain of biotechnology.

Is it the Right Career for Me?

Important traits for getting into this domain are a high degree of intelligence and a general aptitude for science and scientific applications. 

Since biotechnology is redefining the boundaries of science, to become a part of such an innovative field you must posses an inherent attitude of originality and imagination. Other skills that will sail you through a successful and a fulfilling career in this path-breaking area are perseverance, immense patience, analytical proficiency, ability to work for long hours, team spirit and communication skills.

What would it Cost Me?

A typical course in biotechnology can annually cost you anywhere between Rs 20,000 to Rs 2,00,000 or above depending on the college you study. 
Usually, government and regional colleges that select students through tough entrance exams charge less as compared to programs offered by private owned colleges.


Various academic institutions and universities offer scholarships to deserving students who perform extraordinarily in the entrance test and post-entrance  interviews. However, easy loans are available from banks for students to pursue their academics. The money borrowed may be returned after a student gets a job.

For instance, State Bank of India, Allahabad Bank, State Bank of Mysore and Bank of Baroda are some popular banks that offer attractive loans to students. These loans include library fees, book purchases, travel expenses and often allow students to purchase computers, accessories and scientific instruments required to complete their work.

Job Prospects

Biotechnology assimilates in itself a number of disciplines. Further, there is a great demand for biotechnical experts in countless industries and sectors. The following are applications where biotechnological techniques are used extensively:
• Agriculture
• Animal Husbandry 
• Environment Conservation
• Genetic Engineering
• Health Care 
• Medicine 
• Industrial Research and Development

Career opportunities for students in biotechnology abound. Those specialising in different sub-disciplines of this field can easily find jobs in both private and government sector undertakings. If you have acquired a post-graduate degree in biotechnology then you can easily find a suitable position in a number of industries. 

Major recruiters include industries engaged in processing and developing agricultural and biological products, bio-processing industries, pharmaceutical and chemical industries. There are ample opportunities in industries producing healthcare products, textile industry, cosmetics and organisations engaged in different types of industrial research and development.

These days a growing number of qualified biotechnical professionals are engaged by different industries for environment protection activities and for the safe disposal of hazardous materials.

Pay Packet

Like any other job profile, the pay packet largely depends on your academic qualification, your area of specialisation and the institution from where you have earned your degree. Fresh graduates in this field can generally bag a monthly salary in the range of Rs 8,000 to Rs 20,000. 

It has been observed that candidates with a Masters degree in Biotechnology get a better starting salary as compared with students who just have a graduate degree in this field. With an increase in the level of experience, there is abundant scope for getting fatter pay cheques in this exciting and inspiring profession.

Demand and Supply

A number of factors determine the demand of professionals from this interdisciplinary field. India primarily being an agrarian economy, requires professionals who can improve agrarian practices and optimise agricultural output. The growing population of the country requires improved life sciences related products and medicines. This in turn fuels the demand for an increased research and development of vaccines, medicines, tissue culture methods and so on. 

There is a steady demand for these professionals in numerous organisations engaged in different types of industrial research and development. On the supply side, technical colleges are trying their best to meet the growing demand for qualified professionals.

One major problem faced on the demand side is that a vast majority of students who are engaged in cutting edge research often tend to leave India to complete their research projects. Moreover, once these students complete their research work they tend to stay and work abroad.

Market Watch

Biotechnology has been making steady progress in last decade and a half. More than half of the earnings from this industry currently come from exports and the trend is expected to remain the same in the coming years. 

Although, students doing research work in this field have a tendency to work in foreign countries, yet there is huge potential for students who wish to stay and work in India. According to a recent survey, India is stated to become an international focal point for development of biotechnology. 

The areas where biotechnology has grown in India includes Agricultural Biotechnology, Animal Husbandry, Bioinformatics, Bio fertilizers and Dairy development. Growth has also been seen in the area of Bio-resource Development, Plant Biology, Marine Biotechnology, Microbiology, Genetic research.

The changes in the patent regime along with the initiatives taken by the government are expected to bear fruit. All this will lead to a rapid growth and expansion of biotechnological industries in the country.

International Focus

At the international level, India has started making its presence felt in the domain of biotechnology. However, there is tremendous scope for graduate and post-graduate students from this field especially in the United States and in European countries.

A large number of post-graduate students and research scholars tend to move out of India to complete their higher studies. Furthermore, these students prefer to seek employment in the country where they complete their studies or research projects.


• This is an upcoming and constantly growing science and has worldwide scope especially in terms of research.

• The scope for research is very wide and efficient work gets fast acclamation within multinationals.

• If you succeed in clearing the tests and interviews, it is assumed you are the right fit for the profession.


• The number of seats for biotechnology courses is very limited across colleges in comparison with subjects such as physics, chemistry or biology.

• The testing and interviewing processes usually are difficult and one has to be technically expert. 

• The number of companies employing biotechnology students is less when compared with number of companies hiring IT professionals or finance professionals.

• You will have to put in a lot of hard work which can be frustrating at times.

• This is not a profession for people who want to make fast buck but for people who are looking for a long and a well charted career.

Different roles, different names

Biotechnology, as the name suggests is the technology of biology and the scope of both put together. On the one hand, it has concepts from biology explored in depth. On the other hand, this subject explores the impact and the influence of technology on the subject matter. The subject is quite similar to Bioinformatics, which explores biological information in depth using analytical and scientific tools.

Top Companies

Some companies to work with:
1. Biocon
2. Serum Institute of India
3. Panacea Biotech
4. Mahyco Monsanto Biotech
5. Rasi Seeds
6. Novo Nordisk
7. Aventis
8. Indian Immunologicals
9. Venkateshwara Hatcheries
10. Ranbaxy
11. Dr. Reddy’s Labs
12. Piramal Healthcare.

Overall, these are some of the major names in Indian biotechnological industry which extensively use biotechnological processes and techniques to develop and innovate products and processes.

Tips for Getting Hired

1. Apply to at least five to ten top companies to have options for selecting the best job offer out of the ones received.

2. Carry proof of your technical expertise and assure as much as possible that you will be an asset to the company that hires you.

3. Demand a reasonable salary as in the beginning, your focus must be to learn how the industry works, overall.

4. Explore all the possible learning and development opportunities that the companies you have applied to, will provide you. This will help you in choosing the best out of all the offers received.


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Biotechnology-financing by the Government of India

Without losing sight of the importance of biotechnology in the modern era, several government funding agencies offer various types of research grants and fellowships through soft loans or equity, to conduct research in various fields of biotechnology and commercialization of indigenous biotechnology. Various institutes like the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), and University Grants Commission (UGC) are actively involved in the field.

Under the aegis of the Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India are three major departments:

• Department of Science and Technology (DST)

• Department of Biotechnology (DBT)

• Ministry of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR)


TDB - Technology Development Board

The TDB, created in 1996, aims to manage and fund Technology Development and Application. It invests in equity capital and also gives soft loans to industrial concerns, cooperatives and other agencies, which are involved in the development and commercial application of indigenous technology, or adapting imported technology to wider domestic applications having common good as the cause.

TIFAC - Technology Information Forecasting & Assessment Council

TIFAC is an autonomous organization under the DST. It aims to keep a technology watch on global trends, formulate preferred technology options for India and promote key technologies.

HGT - Home Grown Technologies

Falling under the ambit of TIFAC , the Home-Grown Technology Programme aims to give financial., techno-managerial and patent related support to deserving technology development projects for pilot operations or/and significant improvement to existing processes and operations.

PATSER - Program aimed at Technological Self Reliance

The aim of PATSER is supporting industry for technology absorption, development and demonstration. It also helps builds indigenous capabilities for development and commercialization of contemporary products and processes of high impact.

TePP – Techno  preneur Promotion Program The program jointly operated by DSIR and DST has the objective of tapping the vast existing innovative potentials of Indian entrepreneurs, to assist individual innovators to become technology based entrepreneurs and to assist in networking and forging links for the commercialization of their developments.

RDI - Research & Development by Industry The RDI main area of focus is the recognition of in-house R&D units in industries, recognition of Scientific & Industrial Research Organizations and giving fiscal incentives for Scientific Research.

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India's biotechnology industry has been growing towards new heights in conjunction with the recent economic outburst. The country has the potential to revolutionize biopharmaceutical and healthcare sectors. In this review, we have highlighted the achievements of India's biotechnology industry, especially biopharmaceutical and healthcare sectors that include therapeutics, diagnostics, stem cell research, human healthcare related bioinformatics and animal health care. We have also described regulatory mechanisms involved in India's health care biotech including manpower development. 

According to NASSCOM-KPMG study the R& D and Biotech Industry will reach a turnover of 13 billion dollars by 2011 and the bioinformatics will reach 5 billion. Indian companies have become suppliers of information to customer’s worldwide biotech. The sequencing of genes and dissemination of genomic information for drug companies is the size of the next boom industry, India has the potential to become one of the strengths of choice in the development and manufactures of genomic medicine with a good atmosphere and well directed research efforts and initiatives currently there are about 190 biotech companies in India. The scenario in India biotech India is a huge market for products based on biotechnology. However, most of the products are not developed here but are imported by domestic and foreign companies.

According to the analysis of capital market the Indian biotech industry is expected to reach Rs. 4,40,000 crore in 2020.

The current demand for biotech products in India in terms of predicting and evaluating the information technology council TIFAC report are the products of fermentation based Vaccines, DNA products and Antibiotics among healthcare products, alcohol, organic acid, enzymes , amino acids yeast and other industrial products . There are about 400 companies in India with activities related to Biotechnology in 1995. This number has increased to about 850. India and Biotechnology industry is small compared to its pharmaceutical industry 9 about 16, 00 drugs marker big and small) Biotech in India started in the mid 1980’s and has focused in large national or multinational drug.

In 1986, the Indian government established the department of Biotechnology DBT , Ministry of Science and Technology . many small Biotechnology companies have been created since then:

Contract research organization: Sygen Labs, Biological E, Banglore GeNie, Avestha Gengraine etc

Biotechnology company that engages in basic research using recombinant DNA technology and develops and markets its products like: Shanta Biotech, Bharat Biotech and BIOCON India:

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Director's Message

From the day of its inception, Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology has nurtured a dream to become a leading Biotechnology Institute with a global vision. Driven by this vision, the institute has constantly endeavoured to incorporate world's best academic practices and training into all its programmes and has now grown into an exclusive premier institute of Biotechnology in India. The Institute fosters and nurtures students for their well-rounded personality development, enhances their knowledge and skills and adequately shapes them to meet the challenges offered by the outside world. To fulfil its mission in new and powerful ways, each person associated with the institute strives to achieve excellence in every endeavour - be it education, research, or training. We are committed towards creating an international level academic learning center which provides a lifelong learning experience and professional development. In doing so, we believe that the institution will continue to create unique and novel programmes to make significant contributions to Biotechnology as a domain. This institute will provide you an opportunity to contribute to the life science Industry. So come and explore with us the much awaited growth in the Biotechnology and Life Science field. Best Wishes Dr. B. Lal Gupta


Mission To impart quality education and training by experienced, high profile eminent faculty members, backed by modern infrastructure and well equipped laboratory setup To take the creativity of the young mind to its pinnacle within the study period and ensure that the students become enlightened ...



To be an innovative center for education, research, science and technology To impart futuristic biotechnology education and develop a cadre of technocrats having dedication for application of biotechnology To make students academically superior and ethically strong, to serve the society better

Biotechnology is the integration of engineering and technology to the life sciences. It is an upcoming field which is ready to conquer the market and India for sure has a great scope for Biotechnology students.

Over the last two decades, thousands of biotech corporations have sprung up around the globe. From start-ups to small scale companies, the choices range from pay to research to prestige. Owing to this, there has been an enormous inclination of young, intelligent and dynamic students towards the field to explore the subject more and more. Also, its newness and the urge of innovation have grabbed the attention of many and are coming up as a platform for students to prove their talents. With a vast experience in the field and envisaging the need of time, Dr. B. Lal Gupta established Dr. B Lal Institute of Biotechnology in the heart of Jaipur city, at Malviya Nagar. With picturesque surroundings, it is spread over 3000 sq. yards and has a carpet area of over 35,000 sq. ft. The entire infrastructure is aesthetically designed so as to have well planned administrative block, class rooms, laboratories, library, amenities etc.

The institute houses a cosmopolitan atmosphere with experienced faculty that strongly encourages and nurtures students. The institute is currently pursuing several initiatives in alignment with its vision to be amongst the world's best in the decade. In doing so, each person associated with the institute strives to achieve excellence in every endeavour - be it education, research, or training. An advisory board of distinguished industrialists, academicians and senior representatives of government guides the activities and affairs of the institute throughout.

Students are the voice and bedrocks of the institute. Every effort is made for their well-rounded personality development by inculcating scientific aptitude not only through excellent laboratory training programmes and classroom teaching but also through extracurricular activities including interactions with national and international level scientists Dr. B Lal Institute of Biotechnology is dedicated towards enhancing standards of Biotechnology education and providing the best careers to the students. If you're seeking a career in biotechnology, one thing is for certain, the more education you have, the higher up you can go and you can expect to be right on the cutting edge of technology.